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Mountains and Rivers are Likable in th South,
Local Music Still Remains Ancient Charm
------ Hearing Guangdong
In the north, there are Qitian mountain and Dayu mountain. In the East, there are Lianhua Mountain, Luofu Mountain and Jiulian Mountain. In the west, there are Yunkai Mountain and Yunwu Mountain. The mountain is high and the road is long, which block this land from the Central Plains. In the gentle undulating mountains, Xijiang River, Beijiang River and Dongjiang River flow out from different directions into the rich delta and into the vast ocean. The waves are rough and daunting. For more than a thousand years, Guangdong has been isolated from the rest of the world. It was also a place for exiled ministers. Scholars in the Central Plains said "It takes thousands of miles to go to the capital between the mountains and the sea” and "To the south of the Zhangjiang River, is to the clouds; looking at Huangmao, is looking at the seaside".
However, the five mountains couldn’t stop people from going south. Qin Shihuang's expedition to the South brought Guangdong and Guangxi into the imperial territory; Qin General Tuo Zhao established Nanyue Kingdom by himself, and Han people married and integrated with local Baiyue people, which opened the wonderful history of Panyu (today's Guangzhou); Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty collected the ancient place of Nanyue, and Chinese civilization therefore went deep into the southside of the mountains. In order to avoid the chaos at that time, a large number of Han people moved southward, and finally formed the three major ethnic groups in Guangdong today: Guangfu people, Chaoshan people and Hakka people. The ocean also couldn’t block people's pioneering and enterprising steps. Whether they were sailing on the "maritime Silk Road" or "going to the South Ocean", they were carrying the new hope of people's life with some adventurous momentum. In the past hundred years, Guangfu was first infected by modern civilization because of the ocean, and became the leader in the process of changing Chinese history.
The multiple cultural origins nourish the multiple artistic charms of Guangdong music. For thousands of years, Guangdong has been isolated from the rest of the world but it was also inclusive; it has both adhered to its traditions and made innovations; it has been carefree and daring to be the first in the world. The same is true of the music nurtured by this land.
Listen to the Melody of the Integration of China and the West, Leisurely and Enterprisingly
Taste and Inherit the Local Music, Foreign Land Can Be Home
People turn newspapers in teahouses and knock tables with their fingers in rhythm. The beautiful and fluent Cantonese music melody reflects the life and emotion of ordinary citizens in Lingnan city and conveys the secular joys and sorrows of the world. When the Pearl River Delta is gradually influenced by the commercial atmosphere and modern culture, the mountainous areas in northern Guangdong and the coastal areas in eastern Guangdong have different customs. The Hakkas living in the mountains and the Chaoshan people living with the tide always have strong ancient rhymes of the Central Plains in their music. Chaoshan gongs and drums originated from the drum music of the Tang Dynasty, Chaoyang flute set music originated from the court of the Southern Song Dynasty, Chaozhou string music with strong flavor of Confucian scholars, and Hakka Han music originated from the Central Plains, which has retained the five categories of ancient music-- Zhongjunban, Eight Tones, Folk Gongs and Drums, and Temple Music. These kinds of music are still inherited nowadays.
Hearing Guangdong, you can hear the leisure of Lingnan life. The people in Guangfu enjoy the pleasure and taste of life. The butterflies in the flowers are dreamy, the autumn moon in the Han Palace, the relaxing songs at the banquet, the willow waves and the voice of the warblers, the rain hitting the plantains-- all of these leisure moments are pleasant; You can also hear Lingnan's excited and energetic spirit, galloping and showing the heroic temperament, like the lion's dignity, which has no fear towards the strong enemy, and rides forward on the wind. Hearing Guangdong, you can hear people's deep yearning for the native land of the Central Plains. Their hometown is picturesque, which is reminiscent of the past and the prosperous times. The endless sadness on the cliffs and mountains is like the dream back to small Yangzhou; You can also hear the memory of the beauty, talent and literati style-- "Phoenix, Phoenix, return home, travel around the world to seek its loved one", "Fallen leaves gather and scatter, jackdaws perch and startle again". You can also hear the lives in the mountains, the lives in the sea, the joy in the Hakka mountains in spring, and the big gongs and drums playing in Chaoshan to cast nets for fishing... The so-called foreign land has become the hometown after a long time.
Hearing Guangdong, is like flowers blossoming, which is colorful and in thousands of postures, taking up people’s heart; it’s also like the moon shining on the mountains and the sea. No matter where you are in this world, at this time, we can enojoy and drink together.